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FRA Announces $233 Million in Fed-State Passenger Rail Grants

August 18, 2022

The U.S. Department of Transportation announced $233 million in grants to 11 passenger rail projects this week, which will fund infrastructure upgrades on intercity rail corridors across the nation.

The U.S. Department of Transportation announced $233 million in grants to 11 passenger rail projects this week, which will fund infrastructure upgrades on intercity rail corridors across the nation. These grants are funded by the Federal-State Partnership for State of Good Repair Program (Fed-State Partnership), a program that was dramatically altered and expanded by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law passed in November 2021.

“For years, the [Fed-State Partnership] Program has helped bring intercity passenger rail services to a state of good repair by reducing the maintenance backlog and ensuring Americans are connected to opportunity and each other,” said Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) chief Amit Bose. “Under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the FRA now has the exciting opportunity to further this mission while making intercity passenger rail service available to even more communities.”

The first round of grants were awarded to eight states with strong track records of investing in passenger rail programs and well-developed partnerships with Amtrak—California, Connecticut, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, and New Jersey—to replace bridges and tunnels, upgrade power systems, improve stations, and add high-level platforms. Rail Passengers Association is working with local advocates to get departments of transportation from states with underdeveloped passenger rail networks to compete for future rounds of Fed-State Partnership grant opportunities, which will increase dramatically as guaranteed BIL rail funding kicks in.

We’ve included details from the FRA’s list of grant awards below, and full project descriptions can be found here.

California – San Diego Rail Optimization and Resilience Program (Up to $27,300,000)

San Diego Association of Governments

The proposed project replaces the 100-year-old San Luis Rey River Bridge with a double-track concrete bridge and eliminates a 0.6-mile single-track bottleneck in the City of Oceanside. Additional improvements will be made to an adjacent bike path, a pedestrian underpass, an FRA-approved Quiet Zone at-grade crossing, and grading, drainage, and signals. These improvements will bring rail infrastructure used heavily by Amtrak, Metrolink commuter services, and BNSF freight trains into a state of good repair while reducing delays, increasing speeds, and shortening trip times.

Connecticut – Connecticut River Bridge Replacement Project (Up to $65,200,799)


The proposed project replaces the aging Connecticut River bridge with a modern and resilient new moveable bridge, which will be used by Amtrak, Connecticut Shore Line East commuter service, and freight operators. The new bridge will improve maritime traffic by providing a bascule moveable span with additional vertical clearance. In addition, it will improve safety, reliability, and trip time for rail users and increase maximum train speeds from 45 mph to 70 mph. Delays from bridge openings will be significantly reduced, and Amtrak will realize maintenance savings from the new structure. The $65.2 million award marks the second Partnership Program contribution toward the project, equaling a $65.2 million selection with Fiscal Year 2020 funds.

Connecticut – New Haven Line Power Program Phase I (Up to $20,000,000)

Connecticut Department of Transportation

The proposed project replaces two power substations for the railroad signaling system along the Connecticut-owned New Haven Line. The upgraded substations will be more reliable, more energy efficient, less costly to maintain, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The corridor is heavily traveled, with upwards of 350 daily commuter trains and 60 Amtrak trains.

Illinois – Chicago Union Station (CUS) Concourse Improvement Project (Up to $3,000,000)


The proposed project funds final design and construction management for the Chicago Union Station concourse level, which serves Amtrak and Metra passengers. Final design will address issues of passenger flow, bottlenecks, accessibility, and directional signage to improve passenger safety and overall experience, reduce travel time through the station, and provide capacity for current and future demand. Chicago Union Station is the busiest station in the Midwest and 4th busiest in Amtrak’s network.

Maryland – Final Design for Phase 1 of the Susquehanna River Bridge Replacement (Up to $20,000,000)

The proposed project funds final design for the replacement of the 115-year-old Susquehanna River Bridge, which serves all Amtrak service, MARC commuter trains, and freight operators on the Northeast Corridor main line. The new bridge will have a higher clearance above the river and features a moveable span that can more efficiently open and close to maritime traffic. It will also increase train speeds from 90 mph to 125 mph and reduce or eliminate delays caused by bridge openings.

Massachusetts – South Elm Street Bridge Replacement Project (Up to $7,596,431)

Massachusetts Bay Area Transportation Authority

The proposed project replaces the more than 100-year-old South Elm Street Bridge with a modern two- track rail bridge on a rail corridor owned by the MBTA. The bridge is used by Amtrak and the MBTA’s commuter rail service, and the project will bring it to a state of good repair.

Michigan – Michigan Accelerated Rail Bridge Reconstruction Project (Up to $1,548,750)

Michigan Department of Transportation

The proposed project will fund preliminary engineering and preparation of National Environmental Policy Act documents for a proposed reconstruction of five deficient bridge structures located on the Michigan Department of Transportation-owned segment of the rail corridor between Kalamazoo and Dearborn. The project will allow the State to avoid future bridge closures, improve reliability, and increase load ratings and will benefit travelers using Amtrak’s Wolverine and Blue Water services.

New Jersey – Sawtooth Bridges Replacement Project (Up to $45,043,491)


The proposed project will fund the completion of final design for the Sawtooth Bridges Replacement project, which will replace two 110-year-old railroad bridges in Kearny with three new ones. As part of the Gateway Program, the new bridges will allow for a four-track segment between Newark and New York City. The four-track replacement will provide redundancy for operations during maintenance work or service disruptions, minimizing disruptions and delays and improving reliability and capacity to both Amtrak and NJ Transit services. The replacement bridges will also increase operating speeds above the current 60 mph limit.

New York – East River Tunnel Rehabilitation Enabling Components (Up to $10,687,950)


The proposed project will fund the completion of early action capital projects necessary for the larger East River Tunnel Rehabilitation project, including relocating an electric traction power cable and re- installing and improving a track connection within Sunnyside Yard. The East River Tunnels carry all Amtrak Northeast Corridor and Long Island Railroad services as well as NJ Transit non-revenue services. The project will reduce the risk of delays and outages associated with cable failures during the future Line 2 rehabilitation project and will significantly enhance safety and reliability for trains traveling through the tunnel.

New York – Pelham Bay Bridge Replacement Project (Up to $4,500,000)


The proposed project will fund the completion of National Environmental Policy Act documentation and preliminary engineering for the Pelham Bay Bridge Replacement project. This project will replace a 115-year-old Amtrak-owned and operated railroad bridge in the Bronx with a new two-track movable span. The new structure will increase the vertical clearance above the water and reduce the need to open the bridge for marine traffic, making the channel more navigable for marine traffic and reducing the risk of collision with the bridge. It will also increase train speeds from 45 mph to 60-100 mph.

New York – Rhinecliff Station High Level Platform, Vertical Circulation and Interlocking Project (Up to $28,222,898)

New York State Department of Transportation

The proposed project will fund final design and construction to replace the existing 520-foot-long low- level platform at Rhinecliff Station with a new, longer high-level platform. Related track and signal work will increase operational flexibility needed for current and projected future demand. The project also includes new circulation and access to the platform including stairs, elevators, and a pedestrian bridge. These upgrades are part of a program of projects needed to increase daily round trip trains from 13 to 17 on the Empire Corridor between New York and Albany. Rhinecliff Station is 90 miles from New York City and serves 26 Amtrak trains daily.